Cigarette, cigar, and pipe-smoking are so debilitating that the immediate cessation of the habit is always the first step of any program to improve one's health - even more important than vitamins, diet, or exercise.

International studies of millions of people by government, industry, universities, and private research institutions have determined that smoking can cause:

stained teeth, fingers, and hair;
increased frequency of colds, particularly chest colds and bronchitis;
gastrointestinal difficulties, constipation, diarrhea, and colitis;
leukoflakia (smoker's patch);
heart murmur;
Buerger's disease (inflammation of blood vessel linings);
shortness of breath;
smoker's hack;
wrinkles and premature aging;
gastric, duodenal, and peptic ulcers;
lung cancer;
cancer of the lip, tongue, pharynx, larynx, and bladder;
high blood pressure;
heart disease;
artherosclerosis & arteriosclerosis (thickening and loss of
. elasticity of the blood vessels with lessened blood flow);
inflammation of the sinus passages;
tobacco angina (nicotine angina pectoris);
pulmonary tuberculosis;
tobacco amblyopia;
impared hearing;
decreased sexual activity;
and mental depression.

Blood flow to the extremities is decreased (cold hands and feet). One puff lowers the temperature in the fingertips 1?F to 3?F in 3 minutes.

Nicotine affects the nerve-muscle junctions, causing tremors and shaking. Nicotine causes narrowing and constriction of the arteries, adding to the heart's load. Nicotine, through its ability to stimulate, causes excitement and anxiety. But the effect wears off, often a period of depression follows, whereupon another cigarette is taken. Nicotine, an insecticide, makes the blood more viscous and decreases the available oxygen. It also adversely affects the breathing, sweating, intestinal, and heart actions of our autonomic nervous system, probably due to hindering the blood flow to the nerve centers in the brain.

Two to four cigarettes in a row increase blood fats 200 to 400%. The average smoker (30 cigerettes per day) has 4 to 6 times the chance of having heart disease if he's in the 45-54 year age group.

If the mother smoked during pregnancy, her baby will average 6 ounces less and its pulse will be 30% faster than a non-smoker's baby, and there'll be withdrawal symptoms in the baby after birth. Premature birth has been related to smoking by the mother. There is a direct link between parents' smoking and children's respiratory disease.





The Smoker’s Body

Every 10 seconds, someone dies from tobacco use, according to the World Health Organization.
Medical research suggests that those who start smoking in their teens ) 90 percent of smoker do) and continue for two decades or more will die 20 to 25 year earlier than those who never light up. And there is growing evidence that it's not always lung cancer or heart disease that kills them. Below, some of smoker's less publicized side effects-from head to toe. This is bought to you by Colors Magazine, dedicated to smoking cessation.
1. Hair Loss
Smoking weaken the immune system, leaving the body more vulnerable to disease such as lupus erythromatosus, which can cause hair loss, ulceration in the mouth and rashes on the face, scalp and hands.
2. Cataracts
Smoking is believed to cause or worsen several eye conditions. Those who smoke more than 20 Cigarettes a day are twice as likely to develops cataracts, a clouding of Thai's lens that blocks light and may lead to blindness. Smoke causes cataracts in two ways: by irritating the eye and by releasing chemicals into the lungs that then travel up the bloodstream to the eyes.
3. Wrinkling
Smoking prematurely ages skin by wearing away proteins that gives it elasticity, depleting it of vitamin A and restricting blood flow. Smoker's skin is dry, leathery and etched with tiny lines,especially around the lips and eyes: In one study, smokers in their 40s had facial wrinkles similar to those of nonsmokers 20 years older.
4. Hearing Loss
Because smoking creates plaque on blood vessel walls, decreasing blood flow to the inner ear, smokers can lose their hearing earlier than nonsmokers(up to 16 years sooner, according to one study) and are more susceptible to hearing loss caused by ear infections or loud noise.
5. Skin Cancer
Smoking does not cause melanoma) a sometimes deadly form of skin cancer), but it does increase your chances of dying from it(this may be because smoking impairs the immune system), And smokers have a 50 percent greater risk of contracting squamous cell carcinoma-a cancer that leaves scaly, reddish eruptions on the skin.

6. Tooth Decay
Smoking interferes with the mouth's chemistry, creating excess plaque, yellowing teeth and contributing to tooth decay. Smokers are one and a half times more likely to lose their teeth.
7. Lung Ailments
In the former Soviet Bloc, 88,000 smokers die each year from debilitating lung conditions other than lung cancer, Emphysema, a swelling and rupturing of the lung's air sac, reduces the lung;s capacity to take in oxygen (and expel carbon dioxide). In extremes cases, a tracheotomy helps patients breathe: An opening is cut in the windpipe, allowing a ventilator to force air into the lungs(see image) creates a buildup of pus-filled mucous resulting in a painful cough and breathing difficulties.
8. Osteoporosis
Carbon monoxide, the main poisonous gas in car exhaust fumes and cigarette smoke, binds to blood much more readily than oxygen, cutting the oxygen-carrying power of heavy smokers' blood by as much as 15 percent. As a result, smoker's bones lose density, fracture more easily and take up to 80 percent longer to heal. Those who smoke more than one pack per day are also more susceptible to back problems: One study shows that industrial workers who smoke are five times as likely to experience back pain after an injury.

Smoking causes widespread permanent destruction of the tiny air sacs (alveoli) and narrowing of small blood vessels in the lungs, decreasing the oxygen supply, requiring a higher blood pressure, thus causing extensive circulatory problems and premature heart attacks. Smokers have difficulty running and exercising.

The cilia are tiny, delicate, hairlike coverings on the thin membrane of the surface of the lungs and trachea that, by means of their whipping, beating action, produce an upward current of foreign material and mucus from the lungs which is then swallowed or expectorated. This is the way the body cleans the lungs. This delicate lung-cleaning mechanism, in a cigarette smoker, at first paralyzes, then deteriorates, and is eventually made inoperative, through the complete destruction of the cilia. The smoker then must resort to coughing as a lung-cleaning method. This isn't efficient, and more than a cupful of tars will have accumulated in his lungs by the time of his premature death.

Air pollution (auto exhausts, industry wastes, etc.) increases the lung cancer rate of the smoker, but not of the non-smoker. Apparently, the lung-cleaning cilia are alive and working for the non-smoker.

The time to recover from any specific ill, whether caused by smoking or not, is much longer for the smoker. Often, a non-smoker will survive a sickness from which he would have died had he smoked.

The non-smoker has no need to spend money to buy cigarettes, matches, lighters, holders, ashtrays, or to spend a dime a mile for that special trip to the store. Just the cigarettes alone amount to an average of $250 per year, after taxes - wasted. Add another $250 if the spouse smokes. This is hard-earned, after-tax, money of yours, used to pay for the above smoking paraphernalia - plus tax! (Please note: these are 1971 figures.)

By dying earlier, the smoker will lose many tens of thousands of dollars in social security and other benefits which will naturally end up in the pockets of the non-smoker. The cigarette tax is more money from the smoker to the non-smoker.

The smoker is sick more often, explaining why he misses an average of 71/2 work days per year, usually with a loss of pay, while the non-smoker will miss only 41/2 days.

The smoker must spend valuable time looking for ashtrays, cigarettes, matches, retail stores, vending machines, or change for these machines. He experiences displeasure if they aren't immediately at hand. Just the process of deciding on "which brand" wastes vast amounts of mental, physical, and financial resources.

The overall bad health of the smoker results, on average, in a decrease of 8.3 years in his life expectancy, or about 12 to 14 minutes per cigarette. Just in lost social security income alone, this amounts to about a 5 a cigarette. The actual cost of each cigarette when you include extra medical expenses, lost pay, etc., is of the order of 25 per cigarette (1971 figures).

Just the extra medical expenses alone can be expected to eventually use up all of a smoker's hard-earned savings, already depleted by the high cost of smoking. By the time non-smokers get sick, Medicare will foot their medical bills.

The smoker's body requires more sleep every night. This extra sleep must come from his spare time. Besides needing more sleep, smokers don't sleep as well.

Smoking destroys vitamins, particularly vitamin C and the B's. Smoking has induced cancer in dogs. Insurance rates can be higher for smokers. Some 100,000 doctors stop smoking every year.

Foods will taste much better to non-smokers. Many subtle flavors and aromas will be savored if your nasal and oral senses are freed of the effects of harsh chemicals, coal tars, and other combustion products. How long has it been since you've experienced the smell of fresh-cut grass or the delicate taste of lobster from Maine or Nova Scotia?

Other disadvantages of smoking: You must always carry cigarettes and matches; your pockets bulge - or there's less space in your purse; smelly breath; smelly house; smelly clothes; messy rugs and furniture, often burned; cigarettes lying around for kids to smoke (and matches to light); you're a bad influence on kids; you're held in low esteem by your kids and your friends (even your smoking friends); the inside of your home and auto windows need cleaning more often; death or property loss due to smoking in bed.

Some 120 persons have died in two airline crashes that have been attributed to ashtray and lighter-fluid fires. Cigarette smoke collects with lint and is known to gum up delicate mechanisms such as aircraft controls.

Smokers get into more auto accidents due to being less alert, having slower reflexes, and also due to fussing around while driving (lighting up, etc.). In Czechoslovakia it's illegal to smoke while driving. Accident-proneness has been related to smoking.

A non-smoker would have to put on an additional 150 pounds in order to increase his mortality rate to that of an average smoker.

The fact that the tobacco industry provides work, that wouldn't exist without it, is a myth. The money now wasted on tobacco, if diverted elsewhere, would create a wealth of new job openings in industries producing goods and services more useful to the society than cigarettes.

Smoking makes a person irritable and argumentative, partially due to a subconscious knowledge of all of the above facts. Smoking has been related to brain damage and premature senility.

A smoker needs much more food and sleep since nicotine makes his body work harder and less efficiently and his heart beat faster, thus using more fuel and energy. This, together with the fact that a smoker loses much of his appetite and his taste for food, explains why smokers have less trouble keeping their weight down. When one quits smoking, it's IMPERATIVE that the intake of food is drastically reduced in order to keep the body weight normal. Having to eat less is of course an additional saving of time and money.

Wouldn't it be nice if everyone quit smoking? There'd be less general litter, no more butts, ashes, or wrappers in the streets, grass, urinals, etc.; no more smoke in restaurants, theaters, airplanes or buses; a more alert society, with more spare time to enjoy or improve their lot in life; fewer auto, plane, on-the-job, and household accidents; fewer forest fires; less air pollution; lower auto and life insurance rates; and fewer people coughing and spitting in public. By inflicting smoke on your non-smoking friends, it's been shown that even THEIR health and life expectancy are adversely affected.

Notice how many of your friends have quit smoking in the last 5 years. They're the smart ones (and you know it). Lower intelligence has been related to smoking. In fact, smoking is both a cause and an effect of lower intelligence, just as smoking is both a cause and effect of lower income. The (smoking)-(lower-intelligence)-(lower-income)-(more smoking) vicious circle can unknowingly spiral a brainwashed young person down and down into the depths of poverty and despair. He'll not be as physically or mentally able to cope with life's challenges. Our successful capitalistic system is based on competition, and the physically-mentally handicapped smoker inevitably ends up at the bottom of the heap. So get smart, today, now, and join the happy, healthy ranks of the non-smokers.


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